|We are highly dedicated to the German Shepherd Dog,
through Schutzhund, Competition Obedience, Conformation
and Police Work. Our breeding program is of the highest
quality bloodlines. We breed for excellent
temperaments, superior intelligence, structure, and
The German Shepherd Dog is medium sized. With the hair
pressed down, the height at the withers is measured by
stick along the vertical as it follows the line of the
elbow from the withers to the ground. The ideal height
at the withers is 62.5 cm for males and 57.5 for
females. An allowance of 2.5 cm over or under is
permissible. Exceeding the maximum as well as not
meeting the minimum diminishes the working and breeding
value of the dog.
The German Shepherd is slightly long, strong and well
muscled. The bones are dry and the structure firm. The
ratio of height to length and the placement and
structure of the limbs (angulation) are so balanced that
a far-reaching, effortless trot is guaranteed. He has a
weather proof coat.
A pleasing appearance is desired as long as the working
ability of the dog is not called into question.
Sex characteristics must be pronounced, e.g., the
masculinity of the males and the femininity of the
females must be unmistakable.
The German Shepherd that corresponds to the Standard
offers the observer a picture of rugged strength,
intelligence and agility, whose overall proportions are
neither in excess or deficient in any way. The way he
moves and behaves leaves no doubt that he is sound in
mind and body and so possesses physical and mental
traits that render possible an ever ready working dog
with great stamina.
It is only possible for a practiced expert to ascertain
the presence of requisite working dog traits in the
German Shepherd. Therefore, only special judges should
be called upon, as it is incumbent on them to judge the
character of the dogs brought before them. This should
include a test for gun soundness, as only German
Shepherd Dogs that have achieved recognized working dog
titles may receive the breed rating excellent.
With an effervescent temperament, the dog must also be
cooperative, adapting to every situation, and take to
work willingly and joyfully. He must show courage and
hardness as the situation requires to defend his handler
and his property. He must readily attack on his owner's
command but otherwise be a fully attentive, obedient and
pleasant household companion. He should be devoted to
his familiar surroundings, above all to other animals
and children, and composed in his contact with people.
All in all, he gives a harmonious picture of natural
nobility and self-confidence.
Angulations & Movement:
The German Shepherd Dog
is a trotter. His gait exhibits diagonal movement, I.e.,
the hind foot and the fore foot on opposite sides move
simultaneously. The limbs, therefore, must be so
similarly proportioned to one another, i.e. angulated,
that the action of the rear as it carries through to the
middle of the body and is matched by an equally
far-reaching forehand causes no essential change in the
top line. Every tendency toward over-angulations of the
rear quarters diminishes soundness and endurance. The
correct proportions of height to length and
corresponding length of the leg bones results in a
ground-eating gait that is low to the ground and imparts
an impression of effortless progression. With his head
thrust forward and a slightly raised tail, a balanced
and even trotter will have a top line that falls in
moderate curves from the tip of the ears over the neck
and level back through the tip of the tail.
Temperament, Character &
Sound nerves, alertness,
self confidence, trainability, watchfulness, loyalty and
incorruptibility, as well as courage, fighting drive and
hardness, are the outstanding characteristics of a
purebred German Shepherd Dog. They make his suitable to
be a superior working dog in general, and in particular
to be a guard, companion, protection and herding dog.
His ample scenting abilities, added to his conformation
as a trotter, make it possible for him to quietly and
surely work out a track without bodily strain and with
his nose close to the ground. This makes him highly
useful as a multipurpose track and search dog.
The head should be in
proportion to the body size (in length approximately
40% of the height at the withers) and not coarse,
over refined or overstretched (snipey). In general
appearance, it should be dry with moderate breadth
between the ears.
The forehead when viewed from the front or side is only
slightly arched. It should be without a center furrow or
with only a slightly defined furrow.
The cheeks form a gentle curve laterally without
protrusion toward the front. When viewed from above, the
skull (approximately 50% of the entire head length)
tapers gradually and evenly from the ears to the tip of
the nose, with a sloping rather than a sharply defined
stop and into a long, dry wedge-shaped muzzle (the upper
and lower jaws must be strongly developed.)
The width of the skull should correspond approximately
to the length of the skull. Also, a slight oversize in
the case of males or undersize in the case of females is
The muzzle is strong; the lips are firm and dry and
The bridge of the nose is straight and runs nearly
parallel with the plane of the forehead.
Dentition must be
healthy, strong and complete (42 teeth, 20 in the upper
jaw and 22 in the lower jaw). The German Shepherd Dog
has a scissors bite, e.g. the incisors must meet each
other in a scissors like fashion, with the outer surface
of the incisors of the lower jaw sliding next to the
inner surface of the incisors of the upper jaw.
An undershot or overshot bite if faulty, as are large
gaps between the teeth. A level bite is faulty, as the
incisors close on a straight line.
The jaws must be strongly developed so that the teeth
may be deeply rooted.
The ears are of medium
size, wide at the base and set high. They taper to a
point and are carried facing forward and vertically (the
tips not inclined toward each other). Tipped, cropped
and hanging ears are rejected. Ears drawn toward each
other greatly impair the general appearance. The ears of
puppies and young dogs sometimes drop or pull toward
each other during the teething period, which can last
until six months of age and sometimes longer.
Many dogs draw their ears back during motion or at rest.
This is not faulty.
The eyes are of medium
size, almond shaped, somewhat slanting and not
The color of the eyes should blend with the color of the
coat. They should be as dark as possible. They should
have a lively, intelligent and self-confident
The neck should be
strong with well-developed muscles and without looseness
of the throat skin (dewlaps).
The neck is carried at an angle of about 45 degrees to
the horizontal. It is carried higher when excited and
lower when trotting.
The body length should
exceed the height at the withers. It should amount to
about 110 to 117% of the height at the withers. Dogs
with a short, square or tall build are undesirable.
The chest is deep (approximately 45 to 48% of the height
at the withers) but not too wide. The under chest should
be as long as possible and pronounced.
The ribs should be well formed and long, neither barrel
shaped nor too flat. They should reach the sternum,
which is at the same level as the elbows. A correctly
formed rib cage allows the elbows freedom of movement
when the dogs trots. A too round rib cage disrupts the
motion of the elbows and causes them to turn out. A too
flat rib cage draws the elbows in toward one another.
The rib cage extends far back so that the loins are
The abdomen is moderately tucked up.
The back, including the loins, is straight and strongly
developed yet not too long between the withers and the
The withers must be long and high, sloping slightly from
front to rear, defined against the back into which it
gently blends without breaking the top line.
The loins must be wide, strong and well muscled.
The croup is long and slightly angled (approximately 23
degrees). The ileum and the sacrum are the foundation
bones of the croup. Short, steep or flat croups are
The tail is bushy and
should reach at least to the hock joint but not beyond
the middle of the hocks. Sometimes the tail forms a hook
to one side at its end, though this is undesirable. At
rest the tail is carried in a gentle downward curve, but
when the dog is excited or in motion, it is curved more
and carried higher. The tail should never be raised past
the vertical. The tail, therefore, should not be carried
straight or curled over the back.
Docked tails are inadmissible.
The shoulder blade
should be long with an oblique placement (the angle at
45 degrees) and lying flat against the body. The upper
arm joins the shoulder blade in an approximate right
angle. The upper arm as well as the shoulder must be
strong and well muscled.
The forearm must be straight when viewed from all sides.
The bones of the upper arm and forearm are more oval
The pasterns should be firm but neither too steep nor
too down in pastern (Approximately 20 degrees).
The elbows must be neither turned in nor turned out. the
length of the leg bones should exceed the depth of the
chest (approximately 55%).
The thigh is broad and
The upper thigh bone when viewed from the side joins the
only slightly longer lower thigh bone at an angle of
approximately 120 degrees. The angulation corresponds
roughly to the forequarter angulation without being over
The hock joint is strong and firm.
The hock is strong and forms a firm joint with the lower
thigh. The entire hindquarters must be strong and well
muscled to be capable of carrying the body effortlessly
forward during motion.
The feet are relatively
round, short, tightly formed and arched. The pads are
very hard, but not chapped. The nails are short, strong
and of a dark color.
Dew claws sometime appear on the hind legs and should be
removed within the first few days of birth.
Color should be black
with regular markings in brown, tan to light gray, also
with a black saddle, dark sable (black cover on a gray
or light brown case with corresponding lighter marks),
black, uniform gray or with light or brown markings.
Small white markings on the fore chest or a very light
color on the insides of the legs are permissible though
The nose must be black with all coat colors. (Dogs with
little or no masks, yellow or strikingly light eyes,
light markings on the chest and insides of the legs,
white nails and a red tip of the tail or washed out weak
colors are considered lacking in pigment.) The undercoat
or base hair is always light gray, with the exception of
that on black dogs. the final color of a puppy is only
determined when the outer coat completely develops.
a) The medium smooth
coated German Shepherd Dog
The outer coat should be as thick as possible. The
individual hairs are straight, coarse and lying flat
against the body. The coat is short on the head
inclusive of the ears, the front of the legs, the feet
and the toes but longer and thicker on the neck. The
hair grows longer on the back of the fore- and hind legs
as far down as the pastern and the hock joint, forming
moderate reaching on the thighs. the length of the hair
varies, and due to these differences in length, there
are many intermediate forms. A too short or mole like
coat is faulty.
b) The long coated German Shepherd Dog
The coat is considerably longer than that of the
long-smooth-coat. It is generally very soft and forms a
parting along the back. The undercoat will be found in
the region of the loins or will not be present at all. A
long coat is greatly diminished in weatherproofing and
utility and therefore is undesirable.
Faults include anything
that impairs working versatility, endurance and working
competency, especially lack of sex characteristics and
temperament traits contrary to the German Shepherd Dog
such as apathy, weak nerves or over excitability,
shyness; lack of vitality or willingness to work;
monorchids and cryptorchids and testicles too small; a
soft or flabby constitution and a lack of substance;
fading pigment; blues, albinos (with complete lack of
pigmentation, e.g. pink nose, etc.) and whites (near to
pure white with black nose); over and under size;
stunted growth; high-legged dogs and those with an
overloaded fore chest; a disproportionately short, too
refined or coarse build; a soft back, too steep a
placement of the limbs and anything depreciating the
reach and endurance of gait; a muzzle that is too short,
blunt, weak , pointed or narrow and lacks strength; an
over-or undershot bite or any other faults of dentition,
especially weak or worn teeth; a coat that is too soft,
too short or too long; a lack of undercoat; hanging
ears, a permanently faulty ear carriage or cropped ears;
a ringed, curled or generally faulty tail set; a docked
tail (stumpy) or a naturally short tail.
The above standard was approved and put into effect for
the countries and clubs of the FCI. The name of the
breed is the German Shepherd Dog. The country of origin
From SCHUTZHUND USA
"The German Shepherd
Morton Goldfarb, USA/SV/AKC Judge